How to Stop Leg and Foot Cramps and what Causes Them

how to stop leg and foot cramps
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Stop Leg and Foot Cramps Now

Let us take a closer look at how to stop leg and foot cramps. If you’ve ever experienced a leg cramp in your hamstring or calf muscle, or even a foot cramp late at night, you know how agonizing the pain can be. Anyone can get leg cramps, but they are more commonly experienced by athletes and active individuals.

If you are experiencing leg cramps more frequently, it may be advisable to seek professional help from a doctor. Otherwise, exploring some of the preventative measures listed below may be all you need to stop leg and foot cramps before they happen.

What causes leg and foot cramps?

Once we know what causes these cramps, it is much easier to stop leg and foot cramps. These cramps can be caused by dehydration or inadequate water intake. Poor blood circulation, tense or stiff muscles, intense physical activities or muscle fatigue. Also, low levels of potassium or sodium salt, vitamin deficiencies, or injuries can cause leg and foot cramps.

What to do if you get a cramp?

If you should get a cramp, immediately stretch out that muscle and apply pressure to the cramping muscle if possible. If you’re experiencing a calf or foot cramp, it is often helpful if you can get assistance from someone who can apply pressure or push against your foot to stop the pain and cramping. When the muscle has relaxed, apply a gentle massage to the affected area for better blood circulation. If necessary, take a muscle relaxant to help relax the muscle and prevent further cramping.


Easy Ways to Stop Leg and Foot Cramps

Since the causes of leg cramps are numerous, there are a number of measures you can take to help prevent leg cramps in the future.

Water – Exercising or working in the heat can cause dehydration which can lead to muscle cramps. Always stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water. It is also important that you are well hydrated before going to bed to help avoid night cramps.

Electrolytes – An imbalance or deficiency of electrolytes can cause muscle cramps. A great source of electrolytes to prevent or stop leg and foot cramps are sports drinks or Gatorade.

Low magnesium levels can cause leg cramps. A good source of magnesium would be dark leafy greens, beans and nuts, bananas, tofu, grapefruits, oatmeal, broccoli, and whole grains such as brown rice or whole wheat bread. You can also obtain Magnesium pills or Magnesium powder at your local grocery or health food store.

Also, make sure you are not deficient potassium and sodium.

Stretching & Massage – Stretching helps increase circulation to the muscles and will help avoid injuries and cramps before exercising. Stretching or massage before bed may also help stop leg and foot cramps while you sleep.

Muscle Strengthening – A stronger muscle can tolerate higher levels of strenuous activity and lessen the likelihood of cramps setting in when working hard or during intense physical activities. Cardio exercise and weight training are excellent ways to strengthen these muscles and prevent future leg and foot cramps.


Other more Serious Causes of Leg and Foot Cramps

If your cramps persist and none of the above remedies stop your leg and foot cramps, you may need medical assistance. Cramps can also be caused by the following diseases, medical conditions and side effects from drugs.

Diseases – Kidney disease and diabetes can cause electrolyte imbalances. Peripheral artery disease is known to restrict the blood flow to muscles. Hormonal disorders and neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease can affect muscle contractions. More common diseases that contribute to muscle cramps are hypothyroidism, heart disease, Addison’s disease, alcoholism, atherosclerosis, and cirrhosis of the liver.

Medical conditions – Medical conditions leading to muscle cramps include muscle loss, osteoporosis, aging, diarrhea, hypertension, pregnancy, anemia, and pregnancy.

Medications – Drugs for the following diseases can also lead to muscle cramps: Alzheimer’s, antidepressants, hypertension drugs, asthma medication, and cholesterol-lowering drugs, Parkinson’s disease medications, erectile-enhancement drugs, and oral contraceptives to name a few.


There are many other reasons for muscle cramping that are not listed here. So consulting with your physician may be necessary to find what is causing your particular muscle cramps. Otherwise, we hope this article on how to stop leg and foot cramps has been helpful and may resolve your cramping issues.

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